Who Found QWERTY Keyboard ?

In the ever-evolving landscape of technology, the QWERTY keyboard stands as a testament to innovation in the realm of typing interfaces.

This iconic layout, found on virtually every computer and smartphone, has a fascinating origin story that traces back to the 19th century.

The Birth of QWERTY

The QWERTY keyboard was not the result of a single inventor but rather a collaborative effort driven by the need to address the challenges posed by the earliest typewriters.

The credit for the QWERTY layout is often attributed to Christopher Latham Sholes, a newspaper editor and printer, who, along with his colleagues Samuel Soule and Carlos Glidden, developed the first commercially successful typewriter in 1873.

The Problem

Early typewriters had a design flaw, they were prone to jamming. When users typed quickly, the keys would often collide, causing the machine to seize up.

Sholes and his team recognized the urgency of finding a solution to this problem to make the typewriter more practical and efficient for users.

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The Solution

To address the jamming issue, Sholes experimented with various keyboard layouts. The result was the QWERTY arrangement, named after the first six letters in the top row of the keyboard.

This layout strategically placed commonly used letters apart from each other, reducing the likelihood of key jams.

While the QWERTY layout didn’t eliminate jams entirely, it significantly minimized them, making typewriters more user-friendly.

Adoption and Evolution

The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, also known as the Remington No. 1, was the first commercially successful typewriter featuring the QWERTY keyboard.

As other typewriter manufacturers adopted the QWERTY layout, it became the de facto standard for typing machines.

Over the years, the QWERTY keyboard has stood the test of time and technological advancements.

Despite the advent of alternative keyboard layouts, the QWERTY layout has remained dominant, ingrained in the muscle memory of millions of typists worldwide.

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Controversies and Alternatives

While the QWERTY keyboard has become the norm, it has not been without its critics. Some argue that alternative keyboard layouts, such as Dvorak Simplified Keyboard and Colemak, offer more efficient and ergonomic designs.

However, the inertia of widespread QWERTY adoption and the familiarity factor have hindered the widespread adoption of alternative layouts.


The QWERTY keyboard’s journey from a solution to a typewriter problem to a ubiquitous interface for modern computing is a testament to its resilience and adaptability.

While the origin story of the QWERTY layout involves several key players, it was ultimately the collaboration between Sholes, Soule, and Glidden that gave rise to this enduring innovation.

As technology continues to evolve, the QWERTY keyboard remains a constant, connecting us to the rich history of typing and serving as a reminder of the ingenuity that drives progress.

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